United Arab Emirates (UAE) is a sovereign, federal, presidential and elected monarchy comprising seven absolute monarchical emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Fujairah, Umm Al Quwain and Ras Al Khaimah. Abu Dhabi is the capital of the Union.
The Federation was formally established on 2 December 1971.
The federal system of government includes:
· The President
· The Prime Minister
· The Supreme Council
· Crown Princes and Deputy Rulers
· The Federal National Council
· The Council of Ministers or The Cabinet
Responsibilities of the UAE President:
1. Head the Supreme Council and manage its discussions.
2. Call upon the Supreme Council for meetings and adjourn them as per the procedural rules approved by the council in its internal decree. The Council must be called upon to have a meeting when any members request for it.
3. Call for a joint meeting with the Supreme Council and Federal Cabinet when necessary.
4. Sign and issue federal laws, decrees, and decisions endorsed by the supreme council.
5. Appoint the Prime Minister, accept his resignation, and let him resign from his role with the approval of the Supreme Council, appoint the Deputy Prime Minister and the ministers, accept their resignation and ask them to resign from their positions upon the suggestion of the Prime Minister.
6. Appoint the diplomatic representatives for the federation in the foreign countries and other senior federal civil, and military staff except for the president and the judges of the supreme federal court, accept their resignations and ask them to resign upon the approval of the cabinet. Such appointment, acceptance of resignation or dismissal shall be carried out According to decrees and in compliance with federal laws.
7. Signing of letters of credence of diplomatic representatives of the Union to foreign states and organisations and accepting the credentials of diplomatic and consular representatives of foreign states to the Union and receiving their letters of credence. He shall similarly sign documents of appointment and credence of representatives.
8. Supervise the execution of federal laws, decrees and decisions through the federal cabinet and competent ministers.
9. Represent the federation inside the country and abroad and in all international relations.
10. Exercise the right of amnesty or reduction of penalty and approve the capital sentences in accordance with provisions of the constitution and federal laws.
11. Conferring decorations and medals of honour, both civil and military, in accordance with the laws on such decorations and medals.
12. Any other power vested in him by the Supreme Council or vested in him in conformity with this Constitution or the federal laws.
The Supreme Council is the highest constitutional authority in the United Arab Emirates. It is also the highest executive authority. It draws up the general policies and approves the various federal legislations.
The Supreme Council consists of rulers of the seven emirates constituting the federation or their deputies in their emirates in case of rulers’ absence or unavailability. Each Emirate has one single vote in the council resolutions and deliberations.
The Supreme Council meets at five-year intervals to reaffirm the existing President or choose a new one.
Source: www.government.ae (official website of the Government of UAE)
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